- If You Lived At The Time Of The American Revolutionby Moore, Kay
- Kids Discover: American Revolution
- Kids Discover: 1776
- Using Primary Sources in the Classroomby Macceca, S. (Ed.)
- Big Book of Social Studies (Elementary School)by Zike, Dinah
- Bushnell's Submarineby Lefkowitz, Arthur S.
- The Declaration of Independence: The Story Behind America's Founding Document and the Men Who Created Itby Gragg, Rod
- George vs. George: The Revolutionary War as Seen by Both Sidesby Schanzer, Rosalyn
- Give Me Liberty: The Story of the Declaration of Independenceby Freedman, Russell
- Revolutionary John Adamsby Harness, Cheryl
- George Washington, Spymaster: How the Americans Outspied the British and Won the Revolutionary War by Allen, Thomas
- Yankee Doodle America: The Spirit of 1776 from A to Zby Minor, Wendell
- Sybil Ludington's Midnight Ride (On My Own History: Grades 2-3)by Amstel, Marsha
- Johnny Tremain (DVD) by Walt Disney Home Entertainment
- Paul Revere's Ride (Graphic History)by Niz, Xavier
- Winter at Valley Forge (Graphic History)by Doeden, Matt
- You Wouldn't Want to Be at the Boston Tea Party!: Wharf Water Tea You'd Rather Not Drink by Cook, Peter
- John, Paul, George & Benby Lane Smith (especially good for primary-level learners)
- Revolutionary War Days: Discover the Past with Exciting Projects, Games, Activities, and Recipes (American Kids in History Series) by King, David and Cheryl Noll
"In Lesson 4 from The Way We Saw It – The American Revolution in Illustration and Art, pg. 17, the picture depicting Mary Ludwig Hays preparing a cannon to be fired would be a great attention grabber for third graders to find out more about women’s roles in the American Revolution. Using the format from What Questions Do We Ask of the Past – Thinking Like a Historian you can write third grade appropriate questions for each step of the process. The primary resources you listed will definitely give students background knowledge to be successful in their discoveries and they research and participate in real experiences (e.g., sewing bee).
I did some of my own research to find primary resources for this topic. There are a vast amount of images you can access through Google that show the different roles women played during that time period.
Video Clips about Women and the Revolution
- Women of the American Revolution
- Women of the American Revolution
- Republican Motherhood: Where did they fit after the Revolution?/Raising patriotic sons/Being a mother becomes a political act
- Women of the American Revolution: Brief histories
- Tribute to Women in the American Military: From the American Revolution to the present
- The Betsy Ross Home Page: Take a virtual tour of her house
- Petticoat Ladies – Perform the lives of women in the American Revolution: Free lecture video
Additional Resources for Teaching about Women and the Revolution
A great website of resources for kids on the American Revolution:
I even Googled liberty cloth and got this resource. It’s a readers theater play from Scholastic Printables titled Daughters of Liberty—Spinning for Liberty (4 – 8 grades). You have to subscribe to this site to print it. It could possibly be rewritten for third grade readers. This activity would help build oral literacy and reading skills."
Another idea would be to contact a local chapter of the Daughters of Liberty to come to your classroom to do a presentation.
Revolutionary Women and Bloom's Taxonomic Levels
All of these primary resources would lend themselves to all the level of Bloom’s taxonomy:
- List jobs women had during the American Revolution
- Name some famous women of the American Revolution
- What made women fight during the American Revolution?
- Compare and contrast mothers then and now.
- If you were to interview a women of the American Revolution, what questions would you ask?
- What did you discover about the women of the American Revolution.
- Predict what would of happened in women did not take on the jobs of men during the American Revolution.
- Do you agree with the actions of the women of that time: boycotting, creating jobs, going to war, demanding an education, etc.? "
Participants will work in groups of five to develop an inquiry question relating to Abraham Lincoln. They will identify primary sources available on the Library of Congress website to answer their inquiry question. These primary sources will then be made available to students in the form of a primary source sets accompanying the inquiry question. Each group will create a blog entry including the following items:
- Links to a collection of five artifacts including
- One official document
- One informal document
- One picture
- One other artifact type (e.g., audio, video, 3-D artifact)
- One other artifact
- Information for each artifact
- Text of all text-based artifacts
- Key vocabulary terms related to the artifact
- An artifact description
- Content of artifact
- Author's/Creator's point of view
- Context of artifact (e.g., timing, politics, social climate)
- Student questions for engaging students in higher level thinking about the artifact
- Student suggestions for imaginative thinking (e.g., "What would happen if...?," "Would it be better if...?") and suggested strategies for answering the questions (e.g., create a timeline)
The National Archives and Records Administration introduces myriad strategies for use with primary sources in this informational sheet. In it, they recommend and offer suggestions for using primary sources in the following ways: a focus activity, brainstorming activity, visualization exercise, project inspiration, dramatic presentation activity, writing activity, listening activity, creating a documentary, cross-curricular activity, current events activity (what is past is prologue), drawing connections activity, integrating geography activity, small group hypothesis activity, self-reflective exercise, and assessment.
Using Primary Source Sets
To identify groups of primary sources used for teaching specific content and developing inquiry projects, visit http://www.unco.edu/primarysources/MainWebsite/IntheClassroom/pssets.html.
Analyzing Primary Sources
Have students work with a single teacher-selected primary source document. Students will review the document highlighting words that are important to them. They then cut out twenty of those words (of their choosing) that are the most meaningful for them. They then make a poem by arranging these words into their own creation.
Note: You may use the primary source set within the Community Center called "Found Poems" for this activity.
Create a page-long overview including basic information about specific artifacts. Information may include:
- “Author’s Point of View”
- “Resource Overview"
- "What Do You See?”
- “Thinking about the Picture” (e.g., suggestions for seeking more information, links, other resources, provide assignments for working with the resource)
- “Using Your Imagination” (e.g., Ask questions like “What would happen if…? “Would it be better if…?” and offer suggested strategies for answering the questions such as creating a timeline)
Sort It Out
Provide artifacts and have students start with a question (e.g., “How have resources and materials changed the way we live and travel?”). Using that question, have students separate them into a pre-defined number of categories. Students have to determine category names and subcategories within the main categories and fit each artifact into their self-selected categories.
Ask students to engage in a scavenger hunt where they simply seek the types of resources available in the collection(s). Examples would include newspapers, pictures, videos, statistics, broadsides.
Life in a Box
Create a packet of six artifacts relating to the life of one individual. The items should be scaffolded in a method leading from more to less obscure and each should be numbered from one to six. Pass around each artifact one time at a time. Have students try to determine the name of the person in the box in the least number of artifacts. When done, have students write how each item relates to the person on the box.
- Movies of Early America: Primary Source Material from 18th Century America: "Famous Moments in Early American History" within the Archiving Early America website provides a wealth of information surrounding the Revolutionary War. The site is rich with videos, pictures, maps, primary sources, and biographies.
- American Revolution Animated: This site uses animation to show troop movement during high-profile battles of the Revolution.
Sample Foldable: Dictators of WWII
Women of the Revolutionary Era — Dr. Beachley (Audio Lecture)
Go to the link titled "For Teachers."
In addition, many newspapers, maps, and writings are available at Archiving Early America and you can find additional period-specific resources at Eyewitness to History.
Teaching with Documents: Images of the American Revolution
This packet of materials introduces primary sources available via the U.S. National Archives and the relationship of some of these items to the American Revolutionary Period. The packet includes links to all the documents mentioned and includes several related lesson plans. In particular, there are activity suggestions for teaching about the U.S. Constitution. The site also links to document analysis worksheets.
Teaching the Declaration of Independence as a Break-Up Letter
This lesson idea was conceived by Eric Langhorst, and 8th grade U.S. history teacher in Liberty, Missouri. He begins by reading a note his students believe he found on the floor the previous school day. The letter is signed "The American Colonies" and s the beginning of a discussion about the purpose and text of the Declaration of Independence.
Bullet Poem Student Project
Also conceived by Langhorst, this activity requires students write poems from the perspectives of war bullets. Langhorst uses the activity as part of his Civil War unit, but the activity suggestion would work well with any war. In addition to the lesson description, Langhorst includes a sample poem written by one of his 8th grade students.
Note: Langhorst's activity suggestions are also available in audio format. Subscribe using iTunes to "Speaking of History......."
Revolutionary War Political Cartoons
This lesson was conceived by Lee Thompson of Las Vegas, Nevada. Students in his middle school American history classroom design their own political cartoons. The instructions inform students that the cartoons must make a political statement relating to the Revolutionary era, the political statement must be written on the cartoon or on the back of the cartoon, and the cartoons are due the day they are assigned. Sample cartoons of student artists in Mr. Thompson's class appear below.
You may access the Dinah Zike site here.
During the 2009 NCSS Annual Conference, Dinah Zike showcased the below samples.
This is an excellent model for scrapbooking notes, writing reports, or completing multiple biographies.
Click here for Kathy Schrock's website titled "Navigating Primary Source Materials on the Internet."
Click here for the lecture slides from the Kathy Schrock's lecture at NECC 2006 titled “A Three-Hour Tour: Navigating Primary Source Materials on the Internet.”
You've made it to a blog so you've already experienced some success - YAHOO!!!!
This text will hopefully get you started using the blog more effectively. Print out these instructions (or copy/paste them into a word processor), and follow along with the blog as I describe what to do.
Let's take a look at the some posts (entries into the blog). You'll see the date on the top and a orange link with a title. This orange link goes to the post itself, or you may just read what you see under what is orange. If you click on the orange title, it will move the post on which you clicked to the top of the screen. That's not very helpful for our purposes. Now, look to the right and see the menu bar. You may need to scroll down a bit, but you'll see an entry that says "Teaching with Documents." If you click on it, that entry/post will move to the top of the screen. You will still be able to scroll up and down to find the other posts, this is just a quick way to find the one you're seeking (and a condensed method to see what's available).
Now, let's look at the "Teaching with Document" post. Again, if you click on the post title, nothing will happen, it will just move that post to the top of the screen. Since the post is already at the top of the screen, it won't move. Now, let's look within the post. All posts start with a title, then there is text (sometimes including embedded links) a line on the bottom, and then a "Posted by Christy Keeler..." statement. When you see that "Posted by..." statement, you're at the end of that post and the next line is a new post (sometimes preceded by a date).
Let's keep looking at the "Teaching with Documents" post. You see the title in orange and then some grey text underneath. In this text, I either share content I need to share, or I describe a linked resource, as is the case here. If you hover over the "here" text, you'll see that the link is active. You can click on it and go to a page within the NCSS website. Click the "Back" button to return to the blog.
In some posts, you'll find a link to a video or audio. This is true in the "Welcome to the Podcast/Vidcast" post. Use the menubar on the right to click on that post now. The "Welcome to the Podcast/Vidcast" post jumped to the top of your screen. Right under the post title, you'll see pink text saying "Introduction to Module - Audio." This is an active link to an audio file. If you click on it, you will be able to hear the audio. There will not be any video because this is an MP3 (audio), not a MOV or MPEG-4 (video) file. If it were a video file, it would either open the video automatically or download it to your computer.
Click here for a text-based set of instructions on how to use iTunes, or click below for a video introduction.
Subscribing to Our Podcast
To subscribe to our podcast, go to the iTunes podcast directory and type in "American Revolution Primary Source." Choose the podcast with the author "Christy G. Keeler, Ph.D." Then click on "Subscribe."
To subscribe to our podcast by going to "Advanced" in the iTunes menubar and select "Subscribe to podcast. Copy and paste the following link into the URL pop-up window:
Using Your iPod
The video linked below introduces use of a video iPod. For new users of the technology, you may find this very helpful.
Click here for the unit plan template.
Click here for a unit plan template that is longer than five days.
Click here for access to State of Nevada Social Studies Standards. Use the links on the left to access each of the discipline standards within the social studies.
Below are links to model unit plans. Note that the below plans were developed with different expectations than those outlined in this assignment, but the units below should provide nice examples of quality plans.
- The Titanic (Dr. Christy Keeler)
- Thanksgiving (Jessica Clark)
- The Constitution (Jamie Thibault)
- Pioneer Life (Sarah Cherney)
- Exploring Nevada History—Research in a Bag (Kate Sigworth-Hipler)
This podcast was developed as part of an elementary-level Clark County School District Teaching American History Grant. The three-year grant will fund six modules per year with each module focusing on a different era of American history and a different pedagogical theme. This podcast focuses on the American Revolution and Primary Source Documents in Elementary Schools. Participants in the grant are third, fourth, and fifth grade teachers in Clark County (the greater Las Vegas are), Nevada. Teaching scholars include Drs. Michael Green and Deanna Beachley of the College of Southern Nevada and Dr. Christy Keeler of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. As part of this five week module, teachers meet on campus on two occasions and the remainder of their work is completed online.
The culminating experience for the module is participant development and use of a unit plan on primary source documents of the American Revolution utilizing a Dinah Zike paper-folding project.
Introduction to Module — Audio